Bee Research Project


Cork Institute of Technology have stepped up to the plate to help out the Irish beekeepers.

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Winter losses in the Ireland area are reported as being higher than ever in certain parts with certain parts of Cork and Kerry as being in the region of 50-70%. The mild winter of 2014/15 and the bad summer in 2015 are mainly the cause.

The mild winter of 2014/15 meant bees were out foraging for pollen on Christmas day when they should have been in a tight cluster overwintering. The mild temperature led to a small bit of overwintered brood rearing which is a breeding ground for the varroa mite which is a vector for virus’s among the honeybee population.

Early spring build up from the fine weather last April and then the washout during the summer where there was 30% more rainfall in July/ August and soil temperature were 2-3 C degrees below normal meant that the main crop which is normally a blackberry and clover mix did not produce. The blackberry was washed out and the clover did not produce nectar as the soil temperatures were too low.

The rain effected the queens mating and lack of pollen and high varroa loads meant that the queens that mated early in the year mated with sterile drones , and while the brood pattern looked ok the queens went drone laying as a result of this later on in the season.

Unlike taking a cow to a bull where you have a good idea what the quality of the breed will be if the cow reproduces, the queen in her first twenty one days of life heads off to a drone congregation area and mates on the wing with about twenty different drones. The idea being that the more drones she mates with the healthier the colony will be and the better genetic diversity will show up in the brood pattern.

However because the queens mated badly in May and June the bees decided they were not acceptable and tried to supersede them in the Autumn. The lack of pollen in August/September meant that there was a lack of good quality drones and most of those queens failed to mate and the colonies are now doomed. The genetic diversity that is crutial for the queens to mate was not there thence the failing queens with bad brood pattern in the spring. The effect of very high varroa loads for most of last year is clearly evident in a lot of stocks, leading to failing stocks as well.  

 
The rain and lack of pollen from August until mid-October meant there were very little drones available for the newly emerged queens to mate with and those they did mate with were too closely related to themselves, which means the brood pattern the queens are now producing is unviable and spotty. On top of that the high levels of varroa meant the drones the queens mated with were sterile as a result of the deformed wing virus associated with varroa mite, a virus that a large population of our honey bee stocks now carry.

Cork Institute of Technology have stepped up to the plate and agreed to set up a research project to run in the newly built CREATE building to sample the Irish stocks , identify the different sex alleles , so that in the future Irish beekeepers can select for sex alleles to improve the genetic viability of their honeybee stocks. The aim is to eventually have a nationwide data base covering all of Ireland so that if a beekeeper needs to introduce new genetics into their stocks then they can select from the database to improve the overall bee-health in their bees. The project covers the Ireland of Ireland and it is hoped to sample bees from all 32 counties, to see what genetic resources are available. This would help the beekeepers who swop queens to use science to select different sex alleles in the hope that the queens would meet up with drones with different sex alleles to improve the overall genetic viability and the overall bee health of the Irish stocks. The pollination value to the Irish Economy is in the millions but ignored or taken for granted by a lot of areas. Research has shown that crops like oilseed rape, benefit by an increase of up to 27% in the setting of the seed pod if a strong stock of bees can be put on the crop at the time of yielding. Not to mention our fruit and veg crops, soft fruits and our apples, whose window for pollination is only in the first five days of flowering. Once completed this project will be beneficial to all beekeepers making selecting queens to head up drone colonies a science and can only improve the genetic diversity with bee breeding groups that can only lead to healthier bees.

We need to raise funding to get this programme running for September 2016. Facility has been set up with finance department at the Cork Institute of Technology and for any individual donating over Eu250.00 towards the research fund and filling in CHY3 Cert then the tax relief of 31% can also be claimed by the research fund. We are also looking for corporate bodies to come on board to help with the funding. If a company makes a donation of Eu1000 then the cost to the company is (1000- 125=875) tax relief on the corporate rate of tax. Further details can be got from the bee-health officer Eleanor Attridge by sending an email to beehealth@irishbeekeeping.ie

If you wish to donate, then you can click on the image below and you will be taken to a secure site where you can make your donation. Thank you

fundraise on ifundraise    

We would like to thank the following individuals and companies that have come onboard to help out with this project in the form of either donations or sponsorship

Bórd Bia         Irelands Food producers

Coolmore bees Carrigaline  Coolmore bees , nuc and queen producers

The Garden shop Portarlington Laois www.thegardenshop.ie

Midleton Distillery Jameson Experience

West Cork Beekeeping Association  www.westcorkbeekeepersassociation.com

Dumamaise Beekeeping Association www.dunamaisebeekeepers.com

Irish Bee Supplies Funshog Ardee Co.Louth www.irishbeesupplies.com

North Kildare Beekeepers https://www.facebook.com/northkildarebees/

 

A number of individuals some who asked not to be publically named. They have been issued receipts / acknowledgments.

All idonate receipts are issued at the time of payment

We are still looking for some sponsors to come onboard as we are still a good bit off our target of Eu20k

 

Social

News

Co. Dublin Honey Show

The Dublin Beekeeper’s association will hold its Honey Show on Sat 4th Nov, in Christ Church Hall in Rathgar at 10.30. Entries from Beekeepers across the country and stiff competition have made this event a favourite for Dubliners and visitors from around the country in recent years. 

Entries are now being registered online at www.dublinbees.org Alternatively you can print an entry and post it to the address on the entry form


Co. Mayo BKA Honey Show!

Co. Mayo BKA will be holding their annual honey show on Monday the 23rd of October in the Community Centre, Dromore West, Co Sligo. This event is starting at 5pm and honey needs to be entered before 4.30pm.

The highlight of the show will be an in-depth talk by world-renowned beekeeper, Mark L Winston, who will share insights from his seminal work, "Bee Time: Lessons from the Hive" and world renowned expert on heather honey and Mead, Michael Badger MBE, will be the Chief Honey judge and will also give a presentation on heather honey. The talk will start from 6pm and will be free!


Looking for honey labels and FIBKA lids?

For anyone looking to get the FIBKA jar lids or tamper proof labels for your honey, we have put together the following guidelines in how to apply for them. The document can be downloaded here


Hedge cutting

If you wish to report hedge cutting out of season
Contact the people below
National Parks & Wildlife Service
7 Ely Place
Dublin 2
IRELAND D02 TW98
For General Queries:
Tel: +353-1-888 3242
LoCall 1890 383 000 (within Republic of Ireland only - rates charged for the use of 1890 numbers may vary among different service providers)
Fax: +353-1-888 3272
E-mail: nature.conservation@ahg.gov.ie
Web: www.npws.ie


Disease Sampling Form

Teagasc offers a Honeybee disease diagnostic service to beekeepers, more information available here


Bee Research Project!

FIBKA are co operating with CIT to run a beehealth project to improve the genetic diversity of Irish honey bee stocks, funding needed either corporate or individual. Click here for more info!


All-Ireland Pollinator Plan

Great news! - The All-Ireland Pollinator Plan 2015-2020 is released this week. Click here for more info!


Got something to say!?

We are looking for people to submit articles on beekeeping or anything related to it, on a once off or a regular basis. If you think you could put pen to paper, then please email the Beachaire Manager, Dermot O'Flaherty at  manager.beachaire@irishbeekeeping.ie